Project Introduction

The Discovery and research of the first "Solar Boat" of King Khufu

In 1954, two rows of stones were discovered on the south face of the Great Pyramid of King Khufu. Soon, one of the rows of stones was investigated and many planks from a large wooden boat were found.

Three pyramids at Giza

Three pyramids at Giza

View of the south face of the Great Pyramid

1. Solar Boat Museum 2. 2nd Solar Boat Pit

The EAO excavated the east row of stones. After two months, the EAO picked up 41 cover stones (weighing an average of 14 tons each) and keystones on the west end of the pit using a manual winch. Surprisingly, many planks were firm and looked new as if they were put there only 1 year ago.

Photographs of the dismantled first boat of Khufu in the pit (tView of the south face of the Great Pyramidhe first layer)

Photographs of the dismantled first boat of Khufu in the pit (the first layer)

This pit was covered by 41 cover stones and there were 651 dismantled boat parts.

After excavation, Mr. Ahmad Youssef, who was the chief restorer, carried out the restoration and reconstruction of the boat. This work took 13 years and during this time, he miss-reconstructed the boat 4 times. In 1971, reconstruction itself was finished but the museum’s construction work was delayed, so people could not see this boat until 1982, it took over 10 years after the reconstruction.

A part of map of Egypt

A part of map of Egypt

The late Mr. Ahmad

The late Mr. Ahmad

Reconstructed First Solar Boat of Khufu

Reconstructed First Solar Boat of Khufu

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